” Whoever leads in AI will rule the World “, said Vladimir Putin.
It is significant to note that Russia and China are investing more in AI than the world’s most innovative nation, the U.S. China has created a $ 2.1 billion research infrastructure dedicated to AI in West Beijing.
India is not behind. Indian government and Indian companies hold AI as a disruptive force in bringing about dramatic changes in specially manufacturing (Make in India) to be able to compete globally with leading enterprises. Start-ups, Venture Capital, New Product Development, and Academic Research are being encouraged.
Of significance is the fact that Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley, in his budget speech on February 1, 2018, emphasized NITI Aayog spearheading a ‘National Program on AI’ including research and development. The budget allocation to promote AI, Machine Language, 3D Printing and other tech has been doubled to RS 3073 crores this year. Technologies on par with Silicon Valley Counterpart is the chief focus by many companies here.
Major countries are taking steps to empower their Defense Systems by AI. A department of Defence Production in India concurs with the world view that AI will influence our common lives for the better. As with major powers taking steps to empower defence systems by AI, India also thrusts itself in the same league with Sri Chandrasekhar, Tata Sons, designated as Chairman, Task Force, to achieve this goal. What are the things that the country has to prepare itself for? What framework in terms of leveraging strength and capabilities of India to develop ? – are what the experts will try to formulate in this regard first.
PwC India report/survey details: 58.74% say that AI will aid Economic growth; Cybersecurity; Global Health; and Improve efficiencies in imparting education. What is easy and convenient today (use of devices and features in devices) will take on greater responsibilities in terms of education, training, and advising. This is true of AI tools. The survey says.
The decision that business managers and CEOs of enterprises would be challenged with in future in terms of AI use will be to either be ‘AI advisor confident’ or be an ‘advisor confident of a judicious AI – Human mix’ _ experts opine.
There is nevertheless firm consensus on the fact that Machine Learning solutions (specially replacing repetitive manual jobs) will more likely be a disruptor in sectors as IT/ITES; Health; Education; Manufacturing; and Banking/Financials.
AI has just begun in India and in Education it is making its presence felt in courses and classes even while facing lack of qualified faculty. But the term “AI” that Professor John McCarthy (Dartmouth College) coined in 1956, when there was no sign or talk of an efficient algorithm has advanced slowly to receive a sudden, optimistic, and positive momentum now in solving the real world problems. Data explosion is one of the chief factors here.
Here is what we can possibly take from Australia whose priorities are in (a) Education; and (b) Public Safety.
Artificial Intelligence and Digitisation help transform Australia in specially sectors as important to people/society as Education and Public Safety. AI market which was worth A$ 333 million in 2016 is expected to grow to A$ 2 billion by 2025. The country has identified increasing student demand; competition among institutions; and lower acquisition costs as factors spurring growth in the education sector. They hope that AI and tech that stimulate AI applications will help bring about technology/innovations even while enabling effective collaboration and engagement among the participants. Benefits to students, training to staff, and meeting the costs adequately for fulfillment have been the chief focus in investment.
Total Education tech market is expected to reach A$ 1.73 billion by 2022. In Public Safety sector covering Law Enforcement; Ambulance, Fire, and other emergency services; the focus has been on “Critical Communications” in specially situations characterised as high risk and unforseeable occasions – a market that is expected to grow from A$ 296 million in 2017 to A$ 373 million by 2022 according to Andre Clarke of Frost and Sullivan research team. Critical events like shootings in offices, schools, public places; terrorist attacks; call for swift communication. There are providers who unify communications such as voice, video, and messaging across multiple end points which enterprises and other administrators can take help of to keep employees and people safe, for which they are obligated. AdHoc and Everbridge are market leaders in providing tools for such critical communications to formulate a crisis communication system in place.
AI today is dominated globally by Microsoft, Adobe, and Accenture.
Microsoft has done a study in Telengana, India, on school drop outs (specially 10th class) assigning several characteristics and their priorities. They hold it is a lead AI study.
Accenture India lists 5 conditions necessary for the growth of AI in India. (a) Forge a national AI plan and multistakeholder partnerships in key sectors; (b) Strengthen India’s AI R&D ecosystem including through better international cooperation; (c) Create a workforce of the future fostering inclusive workforce models; (d) Enable and broaden access to data; (e) Embrace smart regulation to safeguard Responsible AI.
The team also believes strongly that the era of AI is now.
Emma Kendrew, AI lead for Accenture Tech., holds a slightly different view. She agrees that hype is reaching a peak, driven by busy corporate marketing machines hoping to take advantage of the possibilities opened up by Big Data & the Cloud as well as burgeoning customer interest.
Andrew Ng, Professor at Stanford University, places AI as the next Electricity. He avers that AI will now play the role in development just like Electricity played in the early 20th Century.
In sum, it may be said that AI is a tech weapon in the armoury of any nation with ambitions to be the ruling force in future.
” Dieu avec nous “
Monday, May 21, 2018 – 8.29 p.m. (IST).
Tidbit : ” AI is more important to humans than fire or electricity. It is also important to understand that AI is not a One Shop solution to all problems.” – Sundar Pichai, CEO, Google.