Water and Civilisations are closely interlinked from ages may be a revelation to a few, but a best known and familiar fact to many.
That many Civilisations have their origins near Waterbodies like Indus, Euphrates, and Tigris is history. Our research also shows the same aspect without a second thought.
About 75% of earth’s area is covered with water. Yet, three out of four individuals suffer from shortage of potable water. About 97. 5% of the available water in the world is salty and only 2.5% is fresh water. About 69% of fresh water is covered by snow and ice. Of this about 39% make up good water; about 3% constitute fresh water lakes ; and the rest constitute waste water.
Worldwide, the use of water is highest for farming activities. It constitutes about 85%. About 10% for manual, industrial, and craft work. Only the remaining 5% for domestic use.
It is important to know that how our population uses water will be the chief determinant of the quality of life of everyone in future. Urbanisation causes many problems. Water scarcity ; poor health consequences ; and susceptibility to water borne diseases ; are some factors to be kept in mind if we want to strive to be first or strive for perfection in protecting the water resources. We have already reached a level where total acceptance to the growing water problem is a norm.
Human population increases by 9 crores every year. Concomitant with this our need for water is also on the rise. For every 8 seconds an infant dies due to non availability of safe water according to one statistics. About 1 crore and 50 lakh children die every year. Also on the rise is death due to water borne diseases.
Water scarcity and Global Warming are the two most dangerous challenges that the world faces today. The minds of experts, researchers, analysts, academicians, and even common citizens are filled with worries as discussions have been growing to protect humankind from these disasters.
According to the world water programs by UNESCO, about 30% of available water for every human being will be reduced in the next 20 years. As at present, about 40% of our population is capable of meeting their water requirements for their sustenance of minimum health care.
The biggest change, if any, that one will notice in the 21st Century will probably be the “Water War”. Awareness of Conservation of water ; Safety of Water ; and Saving Water are the three aspects seriously lacking amongst us at this juncture.
Need for water increases in direct proportion to the growth of nation and growth of technology. To tide over these difficulties the one aspect that needs utmost concentration is to correct ourselves on the three aspects mentioned earlier. Wasting water without due reasons and using water disproportionately will only exacerbate the scarcity.
Awareness to the three factors mentioned above should begin from every house and reach every street, every school, every locality, and every village. Rain water harvesting should also become a basic responsibility of every citizen.
It was in 1992 during the UN Conference on Environment, a decision to celebrate the World Water Day on March 22 every year from 1993 was reached.
The theme of World Water Day 2021 is “Valuing Water”.
Water holds a greater value than even our shelter, food, culture, health, education, and economy in our society today.
But we still remain insensitive to Valuing Water even while improvements have been noticed in many areas in the last 10 years.
Because the demand exceeds supply, water today has become a competitive cum market unit in our discussions and deals.
Beyond the orbit where human beings inhabit, no other sphere of planets seem to have life according to researchers of the day.
Hence the research until today discounting the existence of human beings in moon or Mars which have been fairly explored.
World Water Day celebrates water and raises awareness of Global Water Crisis and a core focus of observance is to support the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 – Water and Sanitation for all by 2030.
Most religious texts laud water as the most sacred requirement of human beings. There is nothing softer than water in this world but even the most strong objects of human innovation and use can be destroyed by the force of water.
Thiruvalluvar, the great Tamil Poet, in his Thirukkural (Bible of Tamil Land) says the following in excellence of water and rain : ” When water fails, functions of Nature cease you say ; thus when rain fails, no man can walk in deity’s ordered way” Thirukkural 20.
For the villages and cities to prosper ; For the nations to prosper ; For the World to prosper ; Let us resolve to protect the wealth of Water.
” Dieu avec nous ”
Monday, March 22, 2021 – 10.19 a.m. (IST)
Tidbit : ” Thousands have lived without love, but not one without water”.
Canadians are stewards of one fifth of the world’s fresh water. And with three mighty oceans and nearly 2 million lakes in their backyard, Canada truly is a Watery Wonderland.